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Bunjevac traditional folk costume as an identity marker

Wearing Bunjevac traditional ceremonial garments (Ruvo), has a symbolic meaning in the context that it shows the belonging to a specific social/ethnic group, lifestyle, and status. The festive/working Bunjevac (folk) costume changed in different periods, due of urban, aristocratic and Western fashion influences, both in male and female costumes. The Bunjevci are living in different regions with a unique collection of traditional costumes with needlework embroidery and cutwork lace. BEC

Bunjevac Garments: "The Costume is more or less taken from others during the time of Maria Theresa (1717-1780, editor), however there were so many peoples, that the Bunjevci gave it their own characteristics which distingushed them from their Hungarian, German, and Serbian neighbours." The Croatian Bunjevci

"The Bunjevci Croats from the Bačka region are renowned for their beautifully embroidered female dresses, made from real silk from France, and the rattling sound made by the dancers' boots as they dance." Croatian dances - Wikipedia

Veliko Prelo, NSBNM, Szabadka/Subotica, Serbia

Jelena Piuković, Marinko Piuković, Aleksandra Prćić

Dress Tutorial, Jelena Piuković

Veliko Prelo, Bunjevačko kolo, Szabadka/Subotica, Serbia 

Headscarf Tutorial, Rožića Šimić, Serbia

Bunyevác Prelo, Felsőszentiván, Hungary 

needlework& cutwork lace & Goldstickerei

Broderie Anglaise, Beli vez, bili šling

Cutwork lace: "Broderie Anglaise is characterized by patterns composed of round or oval holes, called eyelets, which are cut out of the fabric, then bound with overcast or buttonhole stitches. The patterns, often depicting flowers, leaves, vines, or stems, are further delineated by simple embroidery stitches made on the surrounding material. Later broderie anglaise also featured small patterns worked in satin stitch. The technique originated in 16th century eastern Europe—probably in what is now the Czech Republic—but remains associated with England because of its popularity there during the 19th century. In the Victorian era, broderie anglaise typically had open areas in many sizes. Transfers were used first to lay out the design on the material. In some cases, the holes were punched out with an embroidery stiletto before finishing the edge; in other cases, the fabric was embroidered first, and the hole was cut afterwards, with scissors. Beginning in the 1870s, the designs and techniques of broderie anglaise could be copied by the Swiss hand-embroidery machine. Today, most broderie Anglaise is created by machine." Broderie anglaise - Wikipedia

Broderie, Beli vez, bili šling, bijeli vez

Needlework Stitches

Beli vez, Šlinga - K. Suknović, L. Tikvicki  


traditional Bunjevac footwear

Wooden clogs, boots and mules

Wooden clogs

Bunjevac boots, Ivan Piuković

Bunjevac mules, Dejan Kovač 

Mekane sare, Vlado Kuntić Kunta 

© Stichting Bunjevac European Center, 2015